Anesthesia is required for most surgical procedures, rendering the patient immobile, unaware, and without pain. In addition, certain diagnostic procedures require anesthesia, notably stomach or airway endoscopy, bone marrow sampling, and occasionally ultrasound. Animals may require anesthesia for therapeutic procedures, such as urinary catheterization to relieve obstruction, injection into a mass, or removing fluid from the eye to treat glaucoma. Aggressive animals may require anesthesia in order to be safely and humanely handled for even the most general of procedures, such as a physical exam or blood draw.
In addition to anesthesia, analgesia is often managed by anesthesiologists and anesthetists and included in the considerations for anesthesia. A balanced anesthesia protocol can be utilized for different drugs with different effects so that a high dose of just one drug can be avoided. The movement to higher quality anesthetic management requires a commitment to our patients. We are not just adding medications and monitoring equipment. We must look at our patients as a separate individual. Is the patient young or old, calm or excitable, small or large, healthy or diseased?
By thinking of our patients as individuals, we can adjust a given protocol to achieve the best possible balance of safety and comfort. Through the application of advances, we can provide a much more valuable service to our clients and provide safer anesthesia for our patients. We need to forget the thought that anesthesia is giving so many mg per kg of drug, with the only question being the weight of the animal. This course can provide a basis for viewing anesthetic management as the essential of quality veterinary medicine that it should be. It is recommended, although not required, for participants to work in practice to complete this course.
Partner Courses: The art and science of anesthesia and analgesia is constantly adapting to new advances. Anesthesia: Advancing Small Animal Procedures and Protocols: Part One and Anesthesia: Advancing Small Animal Procedures and Protocols: Part Two are partner courses designed to provide advanced level training to help practitioners and veterinary technicians update and expand their procedures and protocols.
Anesthesia: Advancing Small Animal Procedures and Protocols: Part One provides an in-depth review of the evaluation, considerations, and regulation of acid-base balance and fluid therapy. The anesthetic management of dogs and cats across such considerations as species, age, breed, and other factors like trauma and pre-existing disease are also addressed. Drug selection from the viewpoint of procedure-related factors covers topics including the level of invasiveness and length of procedure. The next section reviews the anesthesia and immobilization of small mammals like laboratory rodents, pocket pets and non-domesticated/exotic patients. This course then moves into anesthetic considerations for special procedures such as ocular, cesarean, trauma and the critically ill, neonatal and geriatric, dental and orthopedic. Select procedures including laryngoscopy and bronchoscopy, CT and MRI are addressed as well. Please review the learning objectives and content sections below for more details.
Anesthesia: Advancing Small Animal Procedures and Protocols: Part Two picks up where Part One left off, starting with considerations for patients with cardiovascular disease, respiratory disease and airway compromise. It also addresses neurological disease, endocrine disorders, renal disease and liver disease. The final module reviews the factors involved in anesthesia emergencies and accidents including high-risk patients, cardiovascular emergencies like cardiac arrest, respiratory insufficiency, delayed recovery and other situations that need to be understood and planned for. It is recommended, but not required, that participants take the courses in order. It is also highly recommended that the participant have a strong foundation in the fundamental principles of anesthesia, well beyond a surface training in dial-setting and number watching. The content covered in our Basic Principles of Anesthesia Part One and Part Two courses should already be mastered. The advanced courses build on a foundation and will not provide basic level training.
Enrollment: The enrollment button on this page enrolls into the Part One course only. To learn more about Part Two please use this link Anesthesia: Advancing Small Animal Procedures and Protocols Part One catalog page.
This course was previously titled Advanced Concepts of Anesthesia, Small Animal Part Two.